PISO, Willem (1611-1678), Georg MARKGRAF (1610-1644) e Jacob DE BONDT (1592-1631). - De Indiae utriusque re naturali et medica libri quatuordecim. Amsterdam: Lowijs III and Daniel Elzevir, 1658. Second and enlarged edition the "Historia naturalis Brasiliae" edited by Johannes de Laet (Leiden and Amsterdam: 1648), which combined Piso's "Medicina Brasiliensi" and Marcgrave's "Historiae rerum naturalium Brasiliae". For this new edition, Piso decided to completely re-edit the two texts, and added de Bondt's "Historiae naturalis et medicae Indiae Orientalis" and his own "Mantissa aromatica". "A pioneer work on tropical medicine" and the largest work from the standpoint of format published by the Elzevirs" (Garrison-Morton). The work details the native uses of plants and animals for illnesses and provides the most extensive documentation of Brazilian flora and fauna in the seventeenth century. The woodcuts include depictions of birds, animals, fish, plants, trees and reptiles. Piso was the first person to separate yaws (a contagious tropical skin disease) from syphilis and introduced the shrub ipecacuanha into Europe which was used as an emetic, diaphoretic and purgative. 3 parts in one volume, folio (360 x 222mm). Engraved title and part titles, over 500 woodcuts, some large (first leaves with light wear at corners, some occasional waterstaining, few small wormholes). Contemporary vellum, manuscript title on spine, red speckled edges (lightly bowed). Provenance: Francois Moutier (1881-1961, doctor and bibliophile; book plate). Borba de Moraes 676; Garrison-Morton 1825, Nissen (BBI) 1533; Sabin (America), 63029.