PAPPUS ALEXANDRINUS (attivo 300-350) - Mathematicae collectiones. A Federico Commandino Vrbinatae in latinum conuersae, & commentarijs illustratae. Pesaro: Girolamo Concordia, 1588. First edition of Pappus' collection. While his original work was limited in output, Federico Commandino’s fame rests on his translations of ancient mathematicians from sources primarily in Greek and secondarily in Arabic. The Pappo (without books I-II) was one of the translations published after his death in 1575. The dedicatee was Francesco Maria II, duke of Urbino, to whom Commandino had at one time been private tutor and medical adviser. Francesco Maria obtained permission to publish the work from Commandino’s daughters Olimpia and Lorrena, the dedication was by Olimpia’s husband Valerio Spaccioli, and the text edited for the press by Guidobaldo del Monte, Commandino’s former pupil (see Dizionario biografico degli Italiani, vol. 27, 1982). A second edition was published in Venice in 1589, and another in Bologna 1660 by Carlo Manolessi. Folio (305 x 211mm). Woodcut printer's device on title, initials and headpieces, diagrams and illustrations (without blank leaf +4, occasional light spotting). The lot is accompanied by a export license.